By Kingfisher Visitor Guides
From humble beginnings as a tiny Scottish settlement, Glasgow has gone on to play an important role on the global stage.
AD 80: The Roman General Agricola builds a line of forts between the firths of Forth and Clyde, and the Clyde Valley is occupied by a Celtic tribe, the Damnonii, who commence trading with the Romans.
525: According to the legend, the infant St Mungo is cast adrift with his mother on a boat in the Firth of Forth. Taken in and raised in a Christian community in Fife, he goes on to “found” Glasgow by building its first church at the side of the Molendinar Burn.
1114-18: Bishop John Achaius begins building Glasgow Cathedral.
1297: Bishop Wishart of Glasgow leads a rebellion against the English King Edward I.
1451: King James II founds the University of Glasgow, the fourth oldest in Britain.
1636: Glasgow becomes a royal burgh. 1652: A fire destroys a third of the city’s housing, and leaves more than 1,000 families homeless.
1674: The first recorded cargo of tobacco arrives in the city from Virginia. 1707: The Union of the Parliaments gives Scotland access to the English colonies, and Glasgow’s trade with America and the West Indies begins the city’s increased prosperity.
1783: Glasgow establishes a Chamber of Commerce and Manufacturers.
1786: The cotton manufacturer, David Dale, opens the New Lanark Mills.
1812: Glasgow engineer Henry Bell is the first man to fit a steam engine to a boat. The Comet is launched on the River Clyde.
1831: The Glasgow and Garnkirk Railway opens – the first passenger-carrying line in Scotland. 1840: The dredging and enlargement of the Clyde to its present dimensions is completed, underlining Glasgow’s role as a major port.
1840s: Glasgow’s population increases as a result of the arrival of thousands of Irish immigrants escaping the potato famine in Ireland.
1860: The opening of the Loch Katrine reservoir provides the city with a clean water supply.
1868: Organised football begins with the formation of the Queen’s Park club. Their first match is played the following year.
1870: The University moves to its present site on Gilmorehill.
1872: The first home international football match takes place between Scotland and England.
1896: The Glasgow District Subway opens, nicknamed by locals the Clockwork Orange.
1899: Glasgow School of Art building opens, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
1915: The city becomes the focus of pacifist agitation, and a strike of Clyde shipbuilders takes place.
1946: The Clyde Valley Plan recommends massive slum clearances. 1971: Kingston Bridge is opened.
1975: Glasgow becomes part of Strathclyde region as part of local government re-organisation.
1988: The International Garden Festival takes place.
1990: Glasgow becomes European City of Culture.
2002: Final of UEFA Champions League football competition, the world’s premier club football award, held at Hampden Park in Glasgow.
2006: Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum re-opens after its three-year, £27.9 million restoration.
2007: Glasgow wins the bid to host the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
2007: Final of UEFA’s second most prestigious competition, The UEFA Cup (now the Europa League) is held at Hampden Park.
2009: MOBO Awards were held at the SEC, making Glasgow the first out-of-London city to host the event since its launch in 1995.
2011: Riverside Museum, designed by world-renowned architect Zaha Hadid, opens on the Clydeside.
2014: A devastating fire at the world-famous Glasgow School of Art’s Charles Rennie Mackintosh Building destroyed a third of its contents.
2014: The Commonwealth Games were held at numerous venues across the city.
2018: The world-renowned School of Art was again gutted by another huge blaze. The Mackintosh building restoration was nearly finished after the smaller 2014 fire.
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